LAWA is in the midst of a major capital investment program that includes significant work on both the airfield side (terminals, runways, maintenance facilities) and the land side (LAMP and Northside Plan Update). Each of these projects include sustainability elements as part of their design, construction, and operations. This section highlights some of the sustainability elements specific to each major project.
The MSC Program includes a new passenger concourse facility and will be located in the central area of the airfield, west of Tom Bradley International Terminal (TBIT). The MSC North Project consists of an 11-gate concourse, aircraft parking aprons, taxiways/lanes, utilities and provision for conveyance systems, including a potential automated people mover. A Design/Build contract was awarded in late 2014 and the project is expected to be complete in late 2019.
The WAMA project adhered to LAWA's Clean Construction Program. Through the use of Tier IV diesel equipment, Model Year 2010+ haul trucks, strategic routing and laydown yards, and the use of an on-site concrete batch plant, the project saved an estimated 212,611 gallons of diesel fuel by: recycling/reusing approximately 185,500 cubic yards of concrete; using a portable batch plant instead of bringing in concrete trucks from off-site; and utilizing electricity, instead of diesel, to power the portable batch plants. The fuel savings- less consumption - also led to minimized air impacts.
Each of the LAMP elements will contain an array of sustainability features designed to make the entire program environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable.
The APM will be powered by electricity from the grid and incorporate sustainable building features into each of the stations, including, but not limited to the use of local and recycled materials, at least a 75% construction waste diversion, energy efficient lighting, escalators, and elevators, and bicycle parking.
The Consolidated Rent-A-Car Facility will be designed with sustainability in mind and include features such as electric car charging stations, solar panels, increased energy efficiency, advanced storm water treatment, and sustainable landscaping. The facility will also accommodate the use of recycled water for irrigation and car washing.
LAWA prepared the LAX Northside Plan Update to provide a new framework for future development occurring on the approximately 340 acre site to the North of LAX. The proposed project would update the Northside Design Guidelines to bring the existing design standards up-to-date; respond to current market realities and stakeholder interests; comply with FAA requirements and regulations, including FAA grant requirements; allow for development of the project site in line with current best-practices in urban design and sustainability; and reinforce the LAX Northside buffer area between LAX and the residential neighborhoods to better serve the Westchester and Playa del Rey communities, the people of Los Angeles, and LAX.
LAWA completed the $423.8 million project to replace LAX’s 50-year old Central Utility Plant (CUP) with a more modern and energy efficient facility in April 2015, and the new CUP became fully operational in September 2015. The facility utilizes co-generation technology to produce and deliver heating and cooling. Natural gas powers two combustion turbine generators to create electricity, which is used to power multiple chillers. A pair of steam generators captures and reuses the heat exhaust from the combustion for heating.
The new plant has already yielded significant energy savings and thereby reduced LAX’s carbon footprint. The electricity and natural-gas cost savings from the new facility are estimated at $7 million for a typical year, while emissions benefits include a projected 6 percent lifetime reduction in operational GHG emissions.
The new terminal is bright and airy, with abundant natural daylight and ventilation to minimize energy use. LAWA installed low-E glass along the airside concourse to minimize heat gain, and lighting controls reduce energy use. Other environmental measures undertaken include: